WP4 Safety and Performance



WP4 uses AUTOPACE scenarios defined in WP2 to provide preliminary findings regarding the automation benefits as well as the safety hazards in order to support the refinement of the competence and training requirements identified in WP3.


The WP4 has been divided into two tasks to support the activity:

  • Task 4.1 – Preliminary Hazard Assessment

Identifies and qualitatively analyses Safety hazards for safety critical situations through brainstorming sessions with operational experts (ATCo’s, pilots, airport operation experts, etc.). Then, based on collected data, a risk assessment is made providing a set of automation risk that should be addressed by introducing or refining the automation design.

  • Task 4.2 – Assess the benefits of the future automation scenarios

Evaluates the usefulness of the Psychological Model to support the benefit assessment of the automation features and establishes guidelines about how psychological modelling may support automation design. A qualitative performance assessment is done to analyse how some Key Performance Areas (KPAs) would improve with the AUTOPACE Concept.


For the development of this task, an approach based on hazard identification brainstorming sessions (two sessions) with academic and operational experts is used, combined with principles from four well known and complementary safety assessment methods. The final output from both sessions is a list of specific operations and task hazards that has been identified.

Finally, another brainstorming session with operational experts is performed aiming to propose recommendation for mitigating critical hazards through appropriately Training strategy design. Final results show that there are still some critical hazards which cannot be resolved by training only, since they are mostly related to system, equipment or procedures.


Generally, AUTOPACE Psychological Model can be considered as a facilitator for a better estimation of the expected performance improvements with the future automation features. The AUTOPACE psychological model has proven its high potential to support the quantitative assessment of the Mental Workload of an ATCo and therefore will support the performance assessment of several KPAs. Also, the application of AUTOPACE training design based on the competence identification with AUTOPACE psychological model will bring significant benefits for future automation environments like, for example:

  • Ensuring that capacity is maximised through proper assessment and management of MWL
  • Increasing the ATCo productivity through the introduction in the training design of a better understanding and proper evaluation of the effects of automation in human performance
  • Providing initial automation suitability evaluation


Take a look to Deliverable D4.1 where you can learn more about WP4 activity:

D4.1: Preliminary Safety Hazard and Performance Assessment